A new Indian study reveals that the man with type 2 diabetes (NIDDM) are more in risk to effect their ability to father a child. The University of Buffalo study reveals that the man with type 2 diabetes have significantly low levels of testosterone, can have a critical effect on their quality of life. It also finds that the one-third of middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes have low testosterone levels, requiring treatment for erectile dysfunction.
The study was conducted in 38 men with type 1 diabetes and 24 men with type 2 diabetes. The average age of men in the type 1 and type 2 groups was 26 and 27, respectively, with a range of 18-35 years. The researchers found that type 2 diabetics had half the amount of total and free testosterone in their blood as their type 1 counterparts.
Patients with below-normal testosterone also had low levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which are released by the pituitary gland and are essential for testosterone secretion and normal fertility. Paresh Dandona, Ph.D., the lead researcher of the study, said,
“These new findings have several clinical implications besides the impairment of sexual function in these young men.The lack of testosterone during these critical years may lead to diminished bone mass and the lack of development or lose of skeletal muscle. In addition, these patients may gain more weight (with an average body mass index of 38 they already were obese) and become more insulin resistant.”