Type 1 diabetes; its symptoms and offered treatments

Report shows that in sample population (75.1 million) for which the incidence of type 1 diabetes is estimated covers 4.5% of the world’s population. In this type 1 diabetic population approximately 30,000 are Americans and near about 50% are children.

What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy.

People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.

Diabetes is of two types: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes, is also been referred to juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is a condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It is usually diagnosed before age 30, but can occur at any age.

What causes type 1 diabetes?
Although medical science has yet to find the specific cause of this condition. But the scientists assume that the body’s immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin which causes deficiency of insulin. And that time body has to depend on the use of injected insulin.

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes has similar signs and symptoms as that of other health conditions. This sometimes led to wrong diagnosis or oversight of the conditions. Symptoms include-
* Intense thirst,
* Frequent urination,
* Increased appetite,
* Unexplained weight loss,
* Drowsiness, and
* Sudden changes in vision.

As this disease has no cure, experts suggest early detection to prevent complications. Therefore, whenever we face such symptoms it is important for us to talk with our doctor.

What are the treatments that are offered for type 1 diabetes?
Treatment which are offered for Type 1 Diabetes includes-
* The use of insulin injection or
* Insulin pump
People living with Type 1 Diabetes are required to take insulin several times per day. This can be done by using insulin injection of insulin pump.

Other treatments that are offered for type 1 diabetes is-
* Healthy living habits and
* Doing regular exercises
It is also an important factor in treatment. Blood sugar rises after eating or drinking foods that contain carbohydrates So choosing healthy foods and doing regular exercise can minimize the impact of diabetes, and contribute to a higher quality of life.

What diseases are associated with type 1 diabetes?
In diabetes free people, pancreas increases the amount of insulin in the body to convert this sugar into energy. Since people with Type 1 Diabetes do not produce insulin, blood sugars does not decline to a normal range quickly without injecting insulin. Failure to use insulin can lead to -
* high blood sugar levels, or hyperglycemia.
* Low blood sugar levels, or hypoglycemis.

This hyperglycemia can lead to serious conditions affecting -
* heart,
* kidneys,
* eyes,
* nerves, and
* other body parts.

Though often times people with diabetes also experiences low blood sugar .

What are the symptoms of hyperglycemia?
Common symptoms of hyperglycemia are-

* Polyphagia (frequently hungry)
* Polyuria (frequently urinating)
* Polydipsia (frequently thirsty)
* Blurred vision
* Fatigue
* Weight loss
* Poor wound healing (cuts, scrapes, etc.)
* Dry mouth
* Dry or itchy skin
* Impotence (male)
* Recurrent infections such as vaginal yeast infections, groin rash, or external ear infections (swimmers ear)

What are the treatments and preventions offered for hyperglycemia?
Treatments/preventions offered for hyperglycemia are-
* Insulin should be regularly checked
* Regular testing of blood glucose should be done
* Whenever your blood glucose is over 240 mg/dL check urine for ketones
* Always call your doctor when ketones are in the moderate to heavy range.
* Limit physical activity and avoid become overheated or dehydrated
* Drink plenty of water or other fluids that do not contain sugar
* High blood sugar can trigger an increase in appetite. Avoid eating carbohydrates and fat until your blood glucose returns to a safe range. Nibble sugar-free Jello, fat-free broth, or have a small protein-only snack.

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
Symptoms of hypoglycemia include -
* Shakiness,
* Dizziness,
* Sweating,
* Headache, and
* Hunger.

What are the treatments offered for hypoglycemia?
Treatment of hypoglycemia includes introduction of sugar to the body; this can be accomplished through glucose tablets, juice, hard candy, etc.

Learning diabetes warning signs and working on prevention can help a person to manage their disease in the best possible way. It helps a person to live a full, tension free live.

Source: https://www.reporter-times.com/s

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