Three groups of US researchers have done studies to suggest probable diet for the diabetes patients especially those effected with type 2 diabetes (NIDDM). Each study covers a different aspect of diet. Together, the studies show that diabetes risk may rise if you drink too many sodas and sweetened fruit drinks, fall if you eat more fruits and vegetables, and may not be affected by how much fat you eat.
Mark Feinglos, MD, CM, and Susan Totten, RD, from Duke University Medical Center said:
“Until we have more information, we have to assume that calories trump everything else, and that our No. 1 goal for the reduction of new cases of type 2 diabetes should be to reduce the intake of high-energy, low-benefit foods, especially in young people at high risk of diabetes.”
Individually speaking, the first study have found that Sugary sodas and fruit drinks may be linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes in African- American women. The study included nearly 44,000 African-American women. Women who drank at least two regular soft drinks per day were 24% more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes than women who drank less than one soft drink per month. Weight gain appeared to account for some of the increased risk in soda drinkers. Maureen Storey, PhD, the American Beverage Association’s senior vice president for science policy said:
“We agree that type 2 diabetes is an important public health problem, particularly among African- American women, but it is important to recognize that beverage consumption is not an identified risk factor for the disease.”
Another study have found that more fruits and vegetables may cut diabetes risk. The study has included nearly 22,000 adults in Norfolk, England. Over the next 12 years, 735 of the participants developed diabetes.
“Because fruit and vegetables are the main sources of vitamin C, the findings suggest that eating even a small quantity of fruit and vegetables may be beneficial and that the protection against diabetes increases progressively with the quantity of fruits and vegetables consumed.”
The third study set out to see whether a low-fat diet would lower diabetes risk in healthy postmenopausal women. The study included nearly 46,000 postmenopausal U.S. women. Women in the other group weren’t told to cut back on their dietary fat. They got a pamphlet with the federal government’s dietary guidelines, but no counseling or group meetings. None of the women in either group was asked to lose weight or get more exercise. Diet surveys showed that a year after the study began, the women in the low-fat group got about 24% of their daily calories from fat and that this percentage edged up to almost 29% by the study’s sixth year, well over the 20% goal.