San Diego Researchers at the University of California have thrown a new light on the treatment of type 1 diabetes (IDDM) especially among children. It speaks the relation between the diabetes and the vitamin D. The study has related the increasing rates of the disease in children to the amount of sunshine they are exposed to. The study results shows that the closer to the equator you lived, the less likely you were to get the disease. The study moreover suggested that this could be linked to lower levels of vitamin D, which sunlight creates in the body, and accordingly vitamin D deficiency is the likely cause of Type 1 diabetes.
For the purpose of the study, the researchers have used the graphic showing a U-shaped curve, which one reporter described as a smile graph. It was to show low diabetes Type 1 levels in kids living near the equator and higher levels as you moved toward the less sunny poles. American authors, themselves, didn’t generate any of their own data, but had taken incidence levels collected around the world and first published by Finnish researchers in a 2000 paper.
The study finds that the area on the planet with the highest level of Type 1 diabetes is the sunny Italian island of Sardinia. Novosibirsk in Siberia (think a locale situated north of Flin Flon), had an incidence rate less than one-third that of Kuwait, two-and-a-half times lower than Puerto Rico, and below that of Sao Paolo and parts of Tunisia. Huge disparities existed between what amounted to next-door neighbors. The rate in Puerto Rico was about 17.4 new cases yearly per 100,000 kids, but in Cuba the rate was 2.9 new cases.