Researchers of Australia and New Zealand recently proved that the Metformin, alternative of insulin injections for the pregnant women are comparatively safer than insulin injections.
Gestational diabetes is a complication caused in about 5% of pregnancies. It is believed that the hormones produced during the development of Placenta which also helps the baby develop blocks, the action of the mother’s insulin in her body. This problem is called as insulin resistance. This reduces woman’s receptivity to insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. In such case insulin therapy is required as it cannot be cured by physical exercise, diet etc.
But clinical Senior lecturer, Bill Hague of the University of Adelaide, says that “insulin therapy can also cause low blood glucose and weight gain in the mother”. They conducted a clinical trial of 751 women with gestational diabetes comparing insulin injections and the oral diabetic drug, Metformin.
The results showed that the babies of the mothers treated with Metformin were no different with the babies of the mother treated with insulin injections. Dr Hague said that the oral drug Metformin has no serious adverse effects. Rather it lowers the blood sugar level and reduces the weight to normal.
Moreover he said ” More than half the women taking Metformin could be managed with tablets alone, If extra insulin was necessary, the dose was less than that required for women taking insulin alone. Therefore oral medicine can offer considerable advantages”
Although, according to him more follow up data was still needed.