Diabetes associated eye diseases refers to those sight-threatening eye problems which diabetics usually face as a complications of the disease.
Common eye problems which diabetics may faced are:
Diabetic retinopathy—Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
Cataract—clouding of the eye’s lens. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
Glaucoma—increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
All people with diabetes–both type 1 and type 2–are at risk. Everyone with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.
Be very careful because Proliferative retinopathy develop without symptoms.
Macular edema can also develop without symptoms at any stage of diabetic retinopathy.
You can develop both proliferative retinopathy and macular edema and still see fine.
Only your eye care professional can tell you whether you are having any sympomps of retinopathy. An early detection and treatment may save you from the risk of vision loss.
A diabetic cataract usually occurs in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients. It is rare not as common as retubioathy.
It is usually bilateral, opacity shaped like a snowflake, affecting the anterior and posterior cortices of young diabetics; sometimes it can be reversed when the blood glucose is brought under control, but in most cases it progresses rapidly to a mature cataract.
A cataract does not usually damage your eye in any way. But cataracts do get worse, especially if you are middle aged and have diabetes. Many people with diabetes do eventually need cataract surgery.
Glucoma is disease of the eye that can lead to vision loss due to damage to the retina and optic nerve. The risk of developing glaucoma increases with age. People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as others.
In glaucoma, the intraocular pressure pressure is elevated. The increased pressure constricts the blood vessels of the eye, which can damage the retina or optic nerve and result in blind spots or loss of peripheral vision. With early diagnosis and treatment, vision can almost always be spared, but the damage caused by glaucoma is not reversible.
A dilated eye exam is recommended every year for each and every people with diabetes, especially those over 30, those who have had diabetes for five or more years
If you are a diabetic, you can help prevent or slow the development of diabetic vision problems by taking your prescribed medication, sticking to your diet, exercising regularly, controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol , and avoiding alcohol and smoking.
Source: The Camarillo Acorn