Pregnancy outcomes can be related to blood sugar levels, even when mother’s sugar levels are not high enough to be called as diabetes, shows a recent study done by Dr. Metzger. This study report is been published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
This study was done involving more than 23,000 nondiabetic women. After doing the study for more than seven-year, author concludes that continuous increase in risk as mother’s blood sugar increases the baby’s chances of being born with low blood sugar and high levels of insulin.It also increases the baby to be born fat with more high cholesterol level.
So the researchers to avoid gestational diabetes offers some factors like check-ups, exercises etc which reduces the chances of developing diabetes. Those factors are -
* Usually pregnant women develops diabetes by the 28th week of gestation. And so proper check-up is required specially between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation.
* Women are at higher than average risk of gestational diabetes if they are overweight. So during pregnancy weight should be kept in control to reduce the chances of developing gestational diabetes.
* Women having a strong family history of diabetes also have a chance of developing this diabetes.
* Woman should follow a sensible meal plan consisting of three small, well-spaced meals and up to three snacks each day, and limit sweets and refined starches. She must know when and how much carbohydrate-rich food to consume, and her diet should include fiber-rich vegetables, fruits, dried beans and peas, and whole grains.
* Regular physical exercise is also important. Daily walking and swimming are especially good in pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes which affects pregnant women. It is believed that the hormones produced during pregnancy reduce a woman’s receptivity to insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women. It is estimated that about 135,000 cases of gestational diabetes arise in the United States each year.