American Diabetes Association informs that about 8% of U.S. population are diabetic. There are various forms of diabetes but all are related to malfunctioning of insulin secretion. Hence the tests involved to detect whether a person is diabetic are related to checking of blood glucose levels. If a person’s insulin secretion is not proper blood glucose level will also be abnormal.
Thus after getting affected by diabetes we come to know about its presence. No question of taking early protective measures. Is there?
Well, researchers of Hopkins School of Medicine has discovered a biomarker for diabetes which will able to forecast early onset of this life-threatening chronic disorder. However it has still not been clinically tested. Nevertheless, scientists feel that the potential of this diagnostic is quite high.
It is actually a complex sugar called O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), which is made from the much simpler sugar, glucose.
O-GlcNAc helps to modulate protein expression in response to nutrient and stress levels. The researchers found that O-GlcNAc affects insulin resistance and is up-regulated at certain sites on red blood cells proteins.
Experts believe that this complex sugar has the capacity to detect the onset of diabetes. Ones the discovery is validated the percentage of diabetes can be significantly reduced.
Source:THE JOHN HOPKINS NEWS-LETTER