A report published at the The journal Ophthalmology, shows that Primary open-angle glaucoma, most common form of glaucoma, is more likely to be developed among the diabetic women. The study supports the notion that type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of glaucoma. The study was conducted by researchers at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary.
Primary open-angle glaucoma, is a major killer in America, as 2 million Americans, are affected by it and according to the U.S. National Eye Institute, and it is one of the leading causes of blindness. Finally, the relation between diabetes and glaucoma is revealed.
The study that includes more than 76,000 women enrolled in the 20-year-long Nurses’ Health Study, is convincing enough for the American Diabetes Association to conclude that the risk of glaucoma is increased in people with diabetes.
Glaucoma occurs when there’s a gradual increase in the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes. This causes damage to the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss and blindness. Early detection and treatment can help prevent serious vision loss. About 50 million Americans are at risk for vision loss from glaucoma. Moreover, the study reveals another form of glaucoma that’s known to be directly related to diabetes — neovascular glaucoma. In this type of glaucoma, there’s a reduction of oxygen supply to the retina which causes the retina to send out signals for more oxygen and for new blood vessels to form. When these new blood vessels form, they cause scarring and block the normal drainage system in the eye, causing pressure to build up in the eye.